10 Rules for Finding Good Domain Hosting
I purchased my first domain in the year 1998, almost ten years to the day. I set up my site with a small but now-defunct hosting service called 9NetAve. Though I had been creating Web sites for three years up to that point, it was a major step forward and new territory for me.
Since then, I have worked with over 2 dozen hosts (not counting copyright issues) and have set up a variety of sites and blogs for me, my friends and my clients. Most of my experiences have been good though I have, on a few occasions, been severely burned.
But for anyone looking to host their own blog, perhaps to move up from a free hosting solution, finding a good host can be a daunting decision. Many simply go with the first name that comes to mind and hope for the best while others make their decision purely on price and take a serious gamble with their site.
For those seeking hosting for the first time or looking to move to a new service, I am offering my ten rules of finding a good host.
1. Know your Terminology
To someone unfamiliar with Web hosting, the terminology can be scary. If you aren’t familiar with the definitions of common hosting terms, find a glossary of such terms and refer back to it regularly. Though most of the terms are straightforward, you need to know what you’re buying to make a sound judgment on which is the best.
2. Get the Right Kind of Hosting
Broadly speaking there, are four kinds of hosting you’re likely to encounter, shared, grid, VPS and dedicated. They each are designed for different situations and buying the wrong kind of hosting for your site is a sure-fire way to either throw away money or experience a site failure.
In brief, the four kinds can be looked at like this:
- Shared: An environment where many different accounts, often well into the 100s, share a single server and its resources. It is the cheapest and easiest hosting, but also has the steepest caps and, depending on how the server is set up, can suffer from poor reliability if other sites on the server are causing problems. Ideal for new sites and those that require very little resources.
- Grid: An alternative to shared, it is slightly more expensive but offers greater flexibility. Specifically, grid hosts are able to expand and contract the resources each site has available based upon need, helping sites stay up during periods of peak traffic, such as after a Digg. Best for sites that need few resources but may experience severe traffic spikes.
- VPS: VPS stands for Virtual Private Server and is an arrangement where several sites share a server but each have a dedicated portion of the server’s resources and every account holder has administrator access, allowing greater flexibility and the ability to install custom applications. Ideal for experienced Webmasters who either need to run a lot of smaller Web sites or a few that might require more than Grid hosting. Also a popular choice for anyone running custom applications due to admin access.
- Dedicated: This is simply where you rent your own server and have access to all of its resources. Similar to a VPS but with much more power and higher cost.
Simply put, knowing what kind of hosting you need enables you to narrow down your search and make fair comparisons between services.
3. Price Services Smartly
One of the challenges of buying hosting is that the cheaper host is not always a better deal. Research many different hosts and compare their prices. You should discover that there is a range of prices that are fairly close together. Be wary of hosts that offer accounts significantly below that range as they often times had to cut corners to get their price so low.
4. Unlimited Hosting is a Scam
Many hosts will offer you unlimited bandwidth and/or storage space as an enticement. However, this is almost never the case. These hosts always work into the contract clauses that let them disable sites that are interfering with their service, meaning that you go from having clear, firm rules on usage to being completely at the whim of your host.
Your best bet is to get a host with high caps on paper and a fair overage plan.
5. Read Negative Reviews
Once you think a host might become a good fit, you need to research it. One of the best places to start is looking up reviews of the company and, when doing so, you should focus heavily on the negative reviews.
Specifically, you are looking to both ensure that the host has negative reviews and see if there is any common theme with them.
Since every host has a bad day, even the best will have some bad reviews. If a host has none, it might be a sign that the company hasn’t been around long or has been AstroTurfing the review sites. Also, reading the experiences of unhappy customers can highlight any patterns, such as bad support or poor reliability.
Obviously, don’t go with a host that has a very high number of bad reviews.
6. Really Look at the Company’s Site
At this point, you’ve probably spent at least some time on the hosting company’s site, take a moment to really look at it. Does it look professional? Does it appear they are a large company? Do they run their own datacenters? What do they feel are their selling points?
Though the site is purely a work of marketing, it does say a lot about the company. You can get a good feel for the size of the company, what they value and what you can expect from them. This is especially useful when compared against the negative reviews.
7. Test the Service
Using a site such as Host Tracker, analyze a domain on the host (or the host’s home page itself if you can’t find a site using the service) to understand how fast the network is and get a rough idea of speed and reliability. These tools are not perfect, but if you notice that one host is significantly slower than the others, you might want to drop it from your list.
8. Talk to the Company
By this point, you should be down to a short list of companies you are considering. At this point you need to try and see what they are like closer up.
If you can, find someone from the company and talk to them, introduce yourself and ask them any questions you have. It is best to do this in person or over the phone, but via chat or even email can work.
Always remember though that the sales staff and the support staff are completely separate and the response time/helpfulness is not always indicative of what happens when you have a problem after signing on.
9. Start With a Short Contract
Some hosts will try to entice you to sign up for a long contract, often more than a year in length, by offering steep discounts. However, it is important to test a host with a shorter contract before making such a commitment. Sign up for a month or two before deciding if that is where you want to be for the next twelve.
10. Have an Escape Plan
Sometimes, no matter how much research or planning you do, things go wrong. Always have an escape plan for you and your site should things sour. Don’t cancel your current hosting, if any, until you are certain that things are stable. You may also want to keep a very inexpensive hosting account available as an emergency place to go should something catastrophic happen.
As always, keep backups of your content be sure that your information is stored at more than one location. Make sure you have a plan for what happens if your server completely disappears tomorrow.
One step many will note that I didn’t list as a rule is getting recommendations from friends. The reason is that, while those can help, especially from those running similar sites, they are rarely as useful as learning what happened when things went wrong.
The goal is not to learn how great a host is on their best day, but how they were and what happened on their worst. The reason is that, when things are great, most of us ignore our hosts. However, when they are bad, that is when we need them.
Just because someone has not had a problem with a host yet does not mean they never will. Every host has something go wrong, it is just a matter of how often and how they react to it.
Buying hosting is hard. Even the best inevitably get burned from time to time as there is always a certain gamble to making your final selection.
The best anyone can do is perform due diligence, make the best purchase possible and prepare for the worst.
Sadly, buying hosting is a lot like buying a car, you never really know what you’ve purchased until you’ve driven a few thousand miles.
What hosts have you used? Which have you loved? Which have you hated? Have there been any experiences that really stand out? Share your thoughts in the comments.
Jonathan Bailey writes at Plagiarism Today, a site about plagiarism, content theft and copyright issues on the Web. Jonathan is not a lawyer and none of the information he provides should be taken as legal advice.
Nice and useful content there.
I was thinking of changing my host for my blog but do not details on how to go about it.
This serves a great education background for me , personally, on how to choose a good hosting service in the future.
Thanks for sharing
I use Freeola.com which is a shared host. I get about 5oo/600 visitors a day, around the 200K hits a month at the moment not including the forum as webstat.com that I use for the stats would price me out if I included it. I would say that the people that need dedicated servers or virtual servers would probably know they need that kind of dedication, most people reading this would be fine with shared servers as long as they pick a good one as you say. Freeola has occasional issues with their mysql database servers but for most things are good, and I get unlimited (as you warned people off) space and bandwidth with unlimited email addresses etc, for £25 a month, but that includes my broadband connection. Do ISP’s still do that? I’ve been with freeola so long I’ve not looked around at other broadband providers to know if it still happens.
Good article and interesting, I’ve been thinking of going to virtual as a couple of times a year my host has trouble with the database sever and I can’t reset it myself.
As you can tell I don’t know that much, I just know what I do seems to work for me, which is surely the best way :D
Izzy: Glad to help! Let me know if I can help. If you want, I can recommend some good review sites that have always helped me. I mentioned one or two in the article itself.
Steve: Actually, you refer to something that I didn’t talk about in the article because it is very uncommon in my part of the world, ISPs that offer hosting as part of a package with them.
On one hand, this can work out very well, especially if your ISP is large and serves many of your visitors. This keeps your server extremely “close” to your customers and ensures a fast network with them.
The downside is that they are an ISP, not a hosting company, and the quality of hosting is often questionable. Also, as is the case with some providers in my area, the plan ends up being more expensive than just getting a cheap shared hosting deal, with little additional benefit.
Looking at your traffic levels, you might benefit from a grid host such as Media Temple or a VPS if what you do really pounds on a database and uses up a lot of resources.
I would at least start passively looking though. Since you’re not in a rush you can keep your eye open for good deals and pounce on them. The database issues, to me, are indicative of a company that is either experiencing growing pains or has a bad maintenance procedure. Either way, they likely haven’t invested enough in their infrastructure and the problems could get worse unless something changes.
Also, sign up for Google Webmaster tools and keep an eye on your site there, it will often give you warning signs if things are going wrong.
Hope that helps!
Wow, what a needed post for us. We have a huge gallery (Gallery2), and shared hosting was apparently cannibalizing the process for others, so our hosting service all of a sudden pulled out a limit on the number of files. *blink* I’d never heard that one before… So, we switched to a VPS, and still it’s a nightmare. We’re using startlogic.com — they have pretty good reviews, I think, but our service has been horrid. Just try being a graphic designer and running a VPS — it’s been a steep learning curve!
Heather: I admit that VPS from a shared host is a steep learning curve, especially if you haven’t installed software on a server. You might want to look at a Grid host, such as Media Temple as it may be a better fit.
Also, there are ways to optimize scripts such as Gallery2 to make them run more efficiently.
If you’re unhappy with your VPS service, I would look to move before you make too much of a time and money investment. There are plenty of hosts out there, I also know a few companies that do managed VPS, which can take some of the burden off of you.
I use http://www.WebPricedRight.com
They have 24/7 free support and some of the best prices I’ve found. They also have great hosting deals and I’ve never had an issue with down time.
I have used over half a dozen companies over the last 9 years. I am a Graphic Designer and I service over 20 clients. Most of the service providers that I used promised the world but just raised their prices the next year. For the last 3 years I have been working with Web Priced Right. I wasn’t sure at first because their prices were relatively low compared to other options out there. It was the best decision I’ve ever made!
I used free hosting back a few years ago and didn’t like all the ads they put on my sites. I have a host-4-profit account for my autoresponder, and they are very good, and all my other sites are with hostgator which has been great with no down time that I noticed for about four years. Thanks Glenn
Iam a linux reseller and i had one with freeola.com it but unlimitedgb.com’s hosting is very nice and i don’t have any issues till now.
I found a new company called Digital Ocean. I’m there myself.Very cheap with very nice interface, SSD disk space and huge transfer quota.